Titanium oxide is a chemical compound which is also called Titanium(IV) oxide.  It is an oxide of Titanium and has white colour. Its molar mass is 79.866 g/mol and its chemical formula is TiO2. It is odourless and insoluble in water. Its melting point is 1,843 °C (3,349 °F; 2,116 K) and its boiling point is 2,972 °C (5,382 °F; 3,245 K).

It is obtained from minerals such as anatase, ilmenite, and rutile.  It has a wide range of uses in the paints and colouring industry. It is used as a food colouring and known by its E number is E171.  It is also used in cosmetic, rubber and in printing inks.

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What is titanium used for?

In medical science, titanium is used in inner body devices such as pacemakers. It is a metal of choice for prosthetics and internal fixation. It is used in dental implants. It has a high resistance to corrosion. So it is a good choice for nuclear waste containers. Due to its strength and rigidity, it is used in sports cars and racing motorbikes. Also used in football helmet grills, golf clubs, bicycle frames and tennis rackets etc.

Other uses can be found in architecture, jewellery, aerospace industry, additives, pigments and coatings etc.

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What colour is titanium?

Titanium is silvery-white metallic in colour.

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What is titanium?

Titanium is a chemical element with an atomic number 22. Its atomic mass is 47.867 amu. It is represented by the symbol Ti. In the Periodic table, it could be found in the 4th group and 4th period. It is a d-block element (transition metal) and its electronic configuration is 1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s2, 3p6, 4s2, 3d2. Its oxidation states can be −2, −1, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4 and its electronegativity is 1.54 (Pauling scale). It has a silvery-white metallic colour and solid at STP. It has a boiling point of 3560 K ?(3287 °C, ?5949 °F) and a melting point of 1941 K ?(1668 °C, ?3034 °F).

Titanium has five stable isotopes, titanium-48 is found in abundance (73.72%). It was discovered by William Gregor in 1791 and isolated by the Swedish chemist Jöns Jakob Berzelius in 1825. It is a very strong and light metal when making an alloy with other metal. It is used in the aerospace industry as in jet engines and in missiles. It is used in sports industries and in medical instruments etc.